Category Archive 'Iraq'
05.04.03

Rumsfeld urged Clinton to attack Iraq

Iraq, News Articles


Here’s an article from Scotland’s Sunday Herald about the pre-tremors that eventually turned into the earthquake that is the Iraq War:

Rumsfeld urged Clinton to attack Iraq

Exclusive: By Neil Mackay Home Affairs Editor

DONALD Rumsfeld, the US defence secretary, and his deputy Paul Wolfowitz wrote to President Bill Clinton in 1998 urging war against Iraq and the removal of Saddam Hussein because he is a ‘hazard’ to ‘a significant portion of the world’s supply of oil’.

In the letter, Rumsfeld also calls for America to go to war alone, attacks the United Nations and says the US should not be ‘crippled by a misguided insistence on unanimity in the UN Security Council’.

The letter — also signed by Zalmay Khalilzad, Bush’s special envoy to the Iraqi opposition; ex-director James Woolsey and Robert B Zoelick, the US trade representative — was written by the signatories on behalf of the Project for the New American Century (PNAC), a right-wing think-tank, to which they all belong.

Other founding members of PNAC include Dick Cheney, the vice-president.

Full story…

03.04.03

1958-1991, Iraq: A Classic Case of Divide and Conquer

Iraq, Outside Analysis


This article by former U.S. Attorney General Ramsey Clark discusses the U.S. government’s involvement in Iraq from 1958 until the first Gulf War. It paints a picture of a long-standing effort to gain manageable control over Iraq’s oil resources.

1958-1991, Iraq: A Classic Case of Divide and Conquer
By Ramsey Clark, former U.S. Attorney General.

Iraq has been a target of U.S. covert actions since at least 1958, when a popular revolution led by Abdel Kassem overthrew the Iraqi monarchy, which was installed by Britain in 1921. In 1960, the new government helped found the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, to resist Western oil monopolies.1

The CIA plotted Kassem’s assassination and U.S. generals in Turkey devised a military plan, called “Canonbone,” to invade northern Iraq and seize its oil fields.2 In 1963, Kassem and thousands of supporters were massacred in a CIA-backed coup.

Full story…

03.04.03

4 years before 9/11, plan was set

Iraq, News Articles


This article features a useful inset which outlines the main figures in the Bush Administration who have connections to the PNAC and the long-standing plan to invade Iraq.

Invading Iraq not a new idea for Bush clique
4 years before 9/11, plan was set

By WILLIAM BUNCH
bunchw@phillynews.com
Posted on Mon, Jan. 27, 2003

It was 2:40 p.m. on Sept. 11, 2001, and rescue crews were still scouring the ravaged section of the Pentagon that hijacked American Airlines Flight 77 had destroyed just five hours earlier.

On the other side of the still-smoldering Pentagon complex, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld was poring through incoming intelligence reports and jotting down notes. Although most Americans were still shell-shocked, Rumsfeld’s thoughts had already turned to a longstanding foe.

Rumsfeld wrote, according to a later CBS News report, that he wanted “best info fast. Judge whether good enough [to] hit S.H. at the same time. Not only UBL” – meaning Osama bin Laden. He added: “Go massive. Sweep it all up. Things related and not.”

Full story…

01.04.03

The Thirty-Year Itch

Iraq, News Articles, Research Materials


This article in Mother Jones provides a good answer to claims that “it’s not about the oil”. It’s an in-depth look at how it’s been about the oil since the energy crisis in the 70’s. Though I don’t think the article directly references the PNAC, it’s talking about the same people. It’s a deeper look at one piece of the PNAC’s global puzzle.

Mother Jones: The Thirty-Year Itch

Excerpt:

“Controlling Iraq is about oil as power, rather than oil as fuel,” says Michael Klare, professor of peace and world security studies at Hampshire College and author of Resource Wars. “Control over the Persian Gulf translates into control over Europe, Japan, and China. It’s having our hand on the spigot.”

Full story…

Also check out their interactive map, which displays the oil reserves in the Middle East, as well as U.S. base deployments there.

Mother Jones: Oil and Arms — An In-Depth Look

01.04.03

The president’s real goal in Iraq

Iraq, News Articles


Jay Bookman’s piece in the Atlanta-Journal Constitution followed the Sunday Herald story by a couple of months. Bookman’s analysis is extremely valuable in understanding the PNAC document because Bookman begins to connect the dots, points out the prominence of PNAC members in the Bush administration and shows how closely the administration has followed the PNAC’s plan.

Atlanta Journal-Constitution: The president’s real goal in Iraq

Excerpt:

This war, should it come, is intended to mark the official emergence of the United States as a full-fledged global empire, seizing sole responsibility and authority as planetary policeman. It would be the culmination of a plan 10 years or more in the making, carried out by those who believe the United States must seize the opportunity for global domination, even if it means becoming the “American imperialists” that our enemies always claimed we were.

Full story…

01.04.03

Bush planned Iraq ‘regime change’ before becoming President

Iraq, News Articles


This article on SundayHerald.com was one of the first (or possibly the very first) place to break the story about the PNAC factor in regard to the war in Iraq.

SundayHerald.com: Bush planned Iraq ‘regime change’ before becoming President

Here’s an excerpt:

A SECRET blueprint for US global domination reveals that President Bush and his cabinet were planning a premeditated attack on Iraq to secure ‘regime change’ even before he took power in January 2001.

The blueprint, uncovered by the Sunday Herald, for the creation of a ‘global Pax Americana’ was drawn up for Dick Cheney (now vice- president), Donald Rumsfeld (defence secretary), Paul Wolfowitz (Rumsfeld’s deputy), George W Bush’s younger brother Jeb and Lewis Libby (Cheney’s chief of staff). The document, entitled Rebuilding America’s Defences: Strategies, Forces And Resources For A New Century, was written in September 2000 by the neo-conservative think-tank Project for the New American Century (PNAC).

The plan shows Bush’s cabinet intended to take military control of the Gulf region whether or not Saddam Hussein was in power. It says: ‘The United States has for decades sought to play a more permanent role in Gulf regional security. While the unresolved conflict with Iraq provides the immediate justification, the need for a substantial American force presence in the Gulf transcends the issue of the regime of Saddam Hussein.’

Full story…

01.04.03

This war is brought to you by…

Iraq, News Articles, Outside Analysis


Here’s a detailed article from Asia Times about the Project for the New American Century, the people and plans behind it, and how it all relates to the current war in Iraq.

AsiaTimes: This war is brought to you by…

By Pepe Escobar

ALEXANDRIA, Egypt – They’ve won. They got their war against Afghanistan (planned before September 11). They’re getting their war against Iraq (planned slightly after September 11). After Iraq, they plan to get their wars against Syria, Lebanon, Iran and Saudi Arabia. Last Sunday, one of them, Vice President Dick Cheney, said that President George W Bush would have to make “a very difficult decision” on Iraq. Not really. The decision had already been taken for him in the autumn of 2001.

As far as their “showdown Iraq” is concerned, it’s not about weapons of mass destruction, nor United Nations inspections, nor non-compliance, nor a virtual connection between Saddam Hussein and al-Qaeda, nor the liberation of the Iraqi people, nor a Middle East living in “democracy and liberty”.

The American corporate media are not inclined to spell it out, and the absolute majority of American public opinion is anesthetized non-stop by a barrage of technical, bureaucratic and totally peripheral aspects of the war against Iraq. For all the president’s (sales)men, the whole game is about global preeminence, if not unilateral world domination – military, economic, political and cultural. This may be an early 21st century replay of the “white man’s burden”. Or this may be just megalomania. Either way, enshrined in a goal of the Bush administration, it cannot but frighten practically the whole world, from Asia to Africa, from “old Europe” to the conservative establishment within the US itself.

During the Clinton years, they were an obscure bunch – almost a sect. Then they were all elevated to power – again: most had worked for Ronald Reagan and Bush senior. Now they have pushed America – and the world – to war because they want it. Period. An Asia Times Online investigation reveals this is no conspiracy theory: it’s all about the implementation of a project.

The lexicon of the Bush doctrine of unilateral world domination is laid out in detail by the Project for a New American Century (PNAC), founded in Washington in 1997. The ideological, political, economic and military fundamentals of American foreign policy – and uncontested world hegemony – for the 21st century are there for all to see.

PNAC’s credo is officially to muster “the resolve to shape a new century favorable to American principles and interests”. PNAC states that the US must be sure of “deterring any potential competitors from even aspiring to a larger regional or global role” – without ever mentioning these competitors, the European Union, Russia or China, by name. The UN is predictably dismissed as “a forum for leftists, anti-Zionists and anti-imperialists”. The UN is only as good as it supports American policy.

The PNAC mixes a peculiar brand of messianic internationalism with realpolitik founded over a stark analysis of American oil interests. Its key document, dated June 1997, reads like a manifesto. Horrified by the “debased” Bill Clinton, PNAC exponents lavishly praise “the essential elements of the Reagan administration’s success: a military that is strong and ready to meet both present and future challenges; a foreign policy that boldly and purposefully promotes American principles abroad; and national leadership that accepts the United States’ global responsibilities”. These exponents include Dick Cheney, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz, Richard Perle, chairman of the Defense Policy Board, an advisory panel to the Pentagon made up of leading figures in national security and defense, Florida Governor Jeb Bush and Reagan-era White House adviser Elliott Abrahms.

Already in 1997, the PNAC wanted to “increase defense spending significantly” to “challenge regimes hostile to our interests and values” and “to accept responsibility for America’s unique role in preserving and extending an international order friendly to our security, our prosperity, and our principles”. The deceptively bland language admitted “such a Reaganite policy of military strength and moral clarity may not be fashionable today. But it is necessary if the United States is to build on the successes of this past century and to ensure our security and our greatness in the next”.

The signatories of this 1997 document read like a who’s who of Washington power today: among them, in addition to those mentioned above, Eliot Cohen, Steve Forbes, Francis Fukuyama, Frank Gaffney, William Bennett, Donald Kagan, Zalmay Khalilzad, Lewis Libby, Norman Podhoretz and Dan Quayle.

The PNAC, now actively exercising power, is about to fulfill its dream of invading Iraq. In the PNAC’s vision of Iraq, the only vector that matters is US strategic interest. Nobody really cares about Saddam Hussein’s “brutal dictatorship”, nor his extensive catalogue of human rights violations, nor “the suffering of the Iraqi people”, nor his US-supplied weapons of mass destruction, nor his alleged connection to terrorism.
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